How do I take a nematode sample?
How to collect a soil sample for nematodes analysis
Most nematodes are too small or transparent to be seen with the unaided eye but,under certain conditions, the semi microscopic organisms can buildup to population levels that cause economic or aesthetic damage to plants. Most common effects of nematode damage are stunting, chlorosis (yellowing), nutrient deficiencies, wilting, root abnormalities, and reduced yield, but nematode presence cannot be ascertained merely from the generalized plant symptoms in the field.To correctly diagnose nematodes, special extraction techniques are used and trained personnel are needed to identify and count the nematodes.
Where to sample
Sample in locations in which plants do not grow properly (considering: weather, soil fertility, and other conditions), could be an area of nematode damage. Such areas are often circular to oval in outline (Right), and occasionally in row crops poor growth may follow the rows. Soil samples therefore, should be taken from around the roots of plants that are not growing properly.
When to sample
Soil samples can be collected at any time of year, as long as the sampling tool can be inserted into the ground to the proper depth. Avoid collecting excessively wet or dry soils, as it is difficult to prepare samples for analysis under these conditions. It is also good to sample before planting any crop as this can determine the crop to be planted in the following season.
How to sample
Whenever possible, collect soil from the root zone (10-15 cm depth) of growing plants, where plant-feeding nematodes will be concentrated. The general sampling patterns are as shown in below. At each sampling point, scrap offs the top 5 cm of soil where temperature and moisture extremes limit nematode populations. It is also advisable to include feeder roots in the sample, since many nematodes live within plant roots.
Sampling patterns: (X = one subsample).
1) Left: Star pattern for sampling from a damaged area.
2) Center: circle pattern for sampling a shrub in an orchard.
3) Right: Zig-zag pattern for sampling a fallow field or one with no obvious symptoms of the current crop.
Packaging soil samples.
Soil samples for nematode analysis must be handled delicately as nematodes are living animals and require moisture for survival. To be recovered and identified, they must reach the laboratory alive. All precautions must be taken to prevent the samples from drying out. Deliver or mail the package as soon as possible after collection.
- Properly labeled samples cause less confusion in the laboratory and are processed faster.
- Provide the same names use in previous sampling area to be able to have historical data.
- Store in a cool dark place and send the samples to the laboratory as soon as possible we recommend dropping them off within 24 hours OR send using G4S or any other courier service to this physical address :- Crop Nutrition Laboratory,Off Limuru Road, Limuru Kenya, Tel +254 720 639 933.
- Please try not to send samples at the end of the week or the weekend.
- Samples coming from outside Kenya need to be accompanied by an Import Permit: please email us at firstname.lastname@example.org to apply for your import permit.
Note: The quality of any analysis is directly related to how well the sample is collected.
For more information please contact us through:
Crop Nutrition Laboratory Services Ltd.
Off Limuru Road, Limuru, Kenya
Telephone +254 (0) 711094444, + 254 (0) 720 839 933